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Berwick St James and Asserton Community Plan


Berwick St James Reports – Aug 2012

Special Village Meeting

Village Survey Report and Discussion

I hope that by now you will have received a copy of the Berwick St James survey report and find it to be an interesting and informative document to read as it should reflect the views and opinion of the people who live in Berwick St James. They can be downloaded by clicking in the link below or the pictures above.

In early 2011 a draft community plan was produced and submitted to the village meeting for consultation (seen below with comments) At a subsequent village meeting in May 2011 it was suggested that a village survey be carried out so that everybody living in the village could have the opportunity to express their views. A short time later a committee of volunteers was formed to develop a survey form, analyse the results and submit a report of the findings.

In March 2012 the survey forms were distributed to every household in the village and we were delighted that over 82% of people living in the village completed a form either as a household or as individuals. Ten people aged 11 to 17 years also completed a separate young person’s survey. Analysing the results and preparing the reports has been very time consuming and has been the result of a great deal of effort by the committee members, particularly Neil MacDougall who prepared the Adult’s Survey Report and Michelle Drouse-Woodhouse who prepared the Young Person’s Survey Report.

The surveys and reports have been prepared very much with the ‘So What?’ question in mind. A number of areas of concern have been raised and there have been many excellent ideas put forward by people in the village. In order to go through the survey findings and discuss what can be done about them a special village meeting is being planned.  We will look at the main issues that have caused concern and also explore the ideas that have been put forward. Some of the ideas may require funding from the community fund.

The special village meeting will be held at 7pm in the Reading Room at Monday 3rd September 2012.

The meeting will be run in informal manner in such a way that everybody will have the opportunity to express their views on the main topics that have been raised in the survey results.  Wine and other refreshment will be available at the meeting and we very much hope that you will be able to come. Everybody, including young people from the village is most welcome. An agenda will be placed on the noticeboards before the meeting.

I would like to finish by expressing my sincere thanks to all the committee members who helped to produce the survey forms and the final reports.


Chris Lange

Village Survey Committee Chairman




Click Here to view the adult village survey form

Click Here to view the Young People's Village survey




The Community Plan shown below has been kindly put together by Richard Brasher the Chair of the Village Meeting. It has now been placed on this website so that people who live in the village can have an opportunity to view the plan and to make comments. Comments will be added below the Community Plan. If you would like your comments to be added below, please send me an E mail to

2001 Cencus data can be viewed by following this link

Berwick St James and Asserton

Community Plan

NB This plan was the first draft circulated for consultation back in May 2011 and resulted in a survey being conducted as mentioned above


The Berwick St James and Asserton area is located to the west of the Druids Lodge Estate and is approximately 6 miles from Amesbury and the same distance from Wilton. The Parish dates back to the 11th Century.

The village has about 75 houses and a population of C140 people including children, and is bounded by an SSSI, the River Till and agricultural land.

Social Care and Health

There is no GP practice and most of the inhabitants are served by Doctors in Codford, Shrewton and Wilton. The nearest dental practice is in Wilton.

Countryside and Land Based Issues and Employment

The village is surrounded by agricultural land but relatively few people work on the land. The local inn is one of the best in the area and there is also an excellent farm shop. A relatively high proportion of the population are retired or semi retired.

Housing and Built Environment

Overall home ownership is quite high but there are several properties which are rented – many by long term tenants.

Local Economy

As stated previously, most of the inhabitants are retired. It is not known if there are any unemployed but, if there are, it is a very small percentage.


Car ownership is the village is high and most families have a car. There is also a regular bus service to Wilton, Salisbury and Devizes and a school bus to Great Wishford School. The A303 is about 1 mile to the North and the A36 about 2 miles to the South. The nearest railway station is at Salisbury – About 9 miles away.

Unless there is an accident on the A36 which may cause a diversion through the village, traffic is relatively light. However, there is increasing concern about the speed at which people (non residents) drive through the High Street.

Crime and Community Protection

To date the village is relatively crime free and the most recent crimes have been stealing gardening equipment and heating oil. There have been no recent cases of anti social behaviour. There is a Neighbourhood Watch Scheme.


There is no school in the Parish. A mobile library visits about once a week.


The only community sport is cricket but the number of players is diminishing. Most activities centre on the church, the pub and the reading room.


The Parish appears to be harmonious and content with the status quo. The most important issues appear to be:

  • Protecting the existing situation and environment.
  • Ensuring that any new buildings are in keeping with the style in the village.
  • Persuading planning officers to take more notice of the opinions of the villagers and not to overrule the views of the majority.




The following comments were added by Christian Lange - March 2011

Community plans such as ours will contribute to the Community Area Plan. I think that there are about 20 Community Areas in Wiltshire and each area has a Community Area Board which makes decisions on all sorts of things. Looking at the plan, it appears that the headings that you have included broadly reflect the topics that are covered by the Community Area Boards. The Community Area Board should be informed by the various community plans and this is particularly so if it can be demonstrated that the plan was put together as a result of thorough consultation.

It is good for a community to occasionally go through a consultation process as it can draw a community together to decide upon what it wants for the future. All should have the opportunity to be involved so that they can play a part in deciding the direction of that community. This process can also help to put weight behind future recommendations that the village meeting makes to planners and other decision makers if these are linked to a community plan.

Carrying out a consultation process for a village should not rely upon the views of the familiar faces that come along to the village meetings. Efforts should be made to involve people who may not always play an active role within our small community. This type of consultation exercise can be quite a time consuming and I know that it can be too much for one person to carry out on their own. I would like to suggest that a small committee be put together to carry out some consultation and draw up a plan which reflects the views of the whole community. I feel that the plan that you have drafted will serve as a very useful starting point.

I have listed below some of my own observations on the plan and its conclusions:

  • One of my top priorities is to ensure that Berwick St James continues to be a friendly community where most people know each other. This does not occur by chance and only happens through a multitude of community activities. In my mind there is no such thing as a status quo when it comes to communities. They are continually changing and if we wish to retain what we have we must be clear about what we value and put things in place within the plan to ensure they remain.
  • I do not want Berwick to become a village made up mostly of people who are retired. We should do all we can to ensure that Berwick retains and attracts young people to live, work and play an active role in the village. Bearing this in mind I feel that the village plan should look at ways in which this can be done. For example a good broadband connection enables people to work from home which can lead to young families being able to live and work here. We should also look at affordable housing for young families who wish to remain in village.
  • Good public transport is also essential and we should emphasise this point to ensure that existing buses services are retained or expanded. School children rely on this as do a number of retired people who do not have a car. This should be
  • pointed out in the plan so that decision makers take note of our wishes.
  • I feel that we should also stress what a valuable asset our village shop and pub are to community life. If possible, we would like decision makers to take this into account and offer council tax breaks or something similar – (I know that this may be unrealistic but we have to try to ensure that people understand what small rural communities value)
  • I would prefer it if the point that is made about new buildings were more flexible. I personally would not mind if a new modern building were built in Berwick St James as long as it was of architectural merit even if it was quite different from existing housing stock. I totally agree with the point about ensuring that planners take notice of our opinions and I feel that this could be incorporated into the point about new buildings.     



The following comments were added by Michelle Drouse

Hi Chris,

Thank you for the opportunity to provide comments on the Berwick St James Community Plan.  I think it is a great start (and appreciate the hard work of Richard Brasher and others), and I like to provide some additional thoughts and recommendations.
  • General: It would be helpful to explain why we are developing a 'Community Plan' and requesting community feedback and also I'm unsure when you need feedback.  I'm assuming it's to support the Wiltshire Community Plan that sets out a strategic vision of the community to 2026 as described here:  That will enable the community to contribute in a more meaningful way.  Could you please confirm that the draft that has been provided for review is to support this effort? I'm confused as the Wiltshire website indicates that the plan is being implemented in April 2011. 
  • Engagement: We recognise how difficult it can be to engage with the community and solicit input.  Putting it on the website/twitter is a great first step so thank you! Additionally, have you considered having a small committee charged with reaching out to their neighbours (knock on the door, phone calls, social media, email, survey via surveymonkey/in the post, etc)? We all have varied availability and respond to different methods of communication.  As new residents to the community, we'd welcome the opportunity to not only meet neighbours, but participate in this process (even if it's in a virtual way).  I would like to offer my support in drafting the plan if needed.  I (Michelle) am a programme manager at the UK's Design Council and am a town planner/community designer by trade and have been involved in these types of efforts previously. David is a design executive at Ford and manages collaborative advanced design processes. 
  • Overall Content: The content that has been included is a good start and I think it could be even better with additional catagories/input from the community.  I found an example of another community plan that might be a good resource/reference in terms of the outline content. It also provides a mechanism to track our progress.  Not only have they created the community vision, they have demonstrated their actions/progress over time.  I recommend enhancing the existing content with some of these sections, ensuring that they are relevant to Berwick St James.  I'd be happy to provide an updated template so ensure that we are covering other categories such as Climate Change/Sustainability, Economic Development, Emergency Preparedness/Services, Leisure/Arts/Community Facilities/Lifelong Learning, and so forth. Please see the example here: 
  • Conculsion: I would like to build on the points in this section.  Recognising that there is harmony in the community sounds very nice, although I'm not sure what that means. It would be good to clarify this.  Also, I would like to clarify the points that explain 'protecting the existing situation/environment, ensuring that any new buildings are in keeping with the style in the village, and persuading planning officers to take more notice of villagers' opinions and not to overrule the views of the majority'.  Some of these details are much more about actions, rather than a community vision. And, I think it's important to really think about the community long term and ensure that we are preserving what is great about the community and also enhancing what could be improved.  I'd be happy to update this section as well as the others with community input.
Thank you again for sharing the draft Community Plan and we look forward to participating.

Kind regards,

Michelle Deniz Drousé &
David Woodhouse


The following was sent by Karen Linaker - Our Community Area Manager

i) Above all, this is an excellent use of the village website, and it provides a great opportunity for local people to comment on the content of the  Berwick St James community plan, and to suggest ways in which the plan might be enhanced to reflect the views, needs, aspirations of all in the village

(ii) Perhaps the simplest way to describe what a Community Plan is ‘that it should record the views, needs, concerns, and aspirations of all in that community, with the overall objective of maintaining and improving life for all in that community’

(iii) The Plan captures well the view of local community leaders who continue to serve and represent the views of the whole village, and Mr Brasher should be commended for his work on this, as Christian comments, ‘this is a good start’

(iv) The Plan and all subsequent  comments posted about it provides very useful information for the updating of the Amesbury Community Area Plan, which Cllr Ian West, as Berwick St James unitary councillor, is working on with others in the Area, to ensure that this “Area Plan” truly reflects and focuses on the views, needs and aspirations of all 22 parishes in the Area

(v) The production of a Community Plan – and the subsequent implementation of actions arising from local objectives, goals, ambitions that this plan might list  - can be quite a task, and other villages in the Amesbury Community Area have drawn on the ideas of community planners from organisations such as Community First to provide them with a steer on how best to go about this work.  A tried and tested approach is to form a small group of local people who work alongside parish representatives to canvass the views of all villagers, to verify that the Plan really does reflect local opinion.

(vi) As Christian suggests, there is merit in protecting the status quo – but only so long as this is not at the expense of missing opportunities to improve life, amenities, services and the general sense of ‘community’ in your village.  

(vii) If there is anything I can do to help Berwick St James in further developing its Community Plan, I will.

Karen Linaker, Amesbury Community Area Manager, 01722 434697


Comments peovided by Nicky Street:

Dear Chris
Many thanks for encouraging us to look at the Community Plan.
My comments are as follows;
Many thanks to those who did the original, it is a great discussion document and all the work done to produce it is greatly appreciated.
Looking at the 2001 census there appears to be a bit of a difference between the information given and the census .  eg 2001 census says there are 185 residents and 83 households.  Also per the census  20% describe themselves as retired. (the plan says "most" of the inhabitants are retired).
The census is 10 years out of date and so perhaps a sub-committee could design a questionnaire and consider other ideas to help resolve these and other points.
I would find it particually interesting to know the work position as in 2001 10% of Berwick's workers were in Agriculture as opposed to a national figure of only 1.5% in England, (and did that include people retired from agriculture?), as I have always thought of Berwick as a very farming based village (but I could be wrong!)  also home workers including the self employed, and commuters to London.
According to Karen Linaker (Community Area Manager) the plan should record the views, needs, concerns and aspirations of the villagers.
I think a questionnaire etc would serve to do this, and I go along with Michelle, David and Chris, and hope that it would bring in a wide range of ideas. My views are not entirely the same as those expressed in the plan.
I would like to see aspirations included - even if those that don't seem likely to happen!
I am willing to take part in the work that will be needed to do this!
Nicky Street.


Cmments by Charles Street submitted 07/11/2011

A note to all those who live in the parish of Berwick St. James.
As many of you will be aware a community plan has been written by our parish chairman.
It was decided, at a parish meeting, that this did not represent the views of everyone in the parish and that the views of all those who live in the parish of Berwick should be sought.  As a result of this a committee was formed to come up with a questionnaire which will eventually be distributed to all those who live in the parish, as many of you cannot get to the parish meetings for whatever reason (timing, not informed, etc.) and therefore make your views known.
There are two matters which concern me greatly.
One: There are a few people in the village who think this questionnaire should not go ahead at all, if this does not happen how will the views of all the residents of Berwick be known to the Wiltshire Council.
 Two: It has also been suggested that young people under the age of 18 should not take part in the questionnaire; do some people seriously believe that any one between the ages of 16 and 18 (many of whom will be taking AS and A levels) are not intelligent enough to understand and answer the questions?  Are they also suggesting that young people between the ages of 14 and 16 (all of whom will be taking GCSEs) would not be able to understand and fill in the form?  I think this attitude is a terrible indictment on our young people.
I agree that an age limit has to be put on this but I do not think it should be 18.  It has been suggested that a shortened version of the questionnaire should go to young people; I think this should go to the under 14 age group.
I would encourage everyone in the parish to fully support the hard work of the committee, and once the questionnaire has been distributed to please fill it in so that it is the resounding success that it deserves to be, and that all our views are made known to the Wiltshire Council.
Charles Street




The data below is taken from the 2001 Cencus.

2001 Census Key Statistics Profile
for Berwick St James Parish
Variables and descriptions Berwick St James Parish Salisbury England
counts  %     counts  %     counts  %    
Total Area (hectares) 1,012   100,100   13,028,060  
Total population 185   114,613   49,138,831  
  Males 89 48.1   56,120 49.0   23,922,144 48.7  
  Females 96 51.9   58,493 51.0   25,216,687 51.3  
  Household Residents 185 100.0   110,646 96.5   48,248,150 98.2  
  Communal Establishment Residents (including resident staff) 0 0.0   3,967 3.5   890,681 1.8  
  with a limiting long term illness 0 0.0   1,166 29.4   396,275 44.5  
  Medical and Care Establishment Residents (excluding resident staff) 0 0.0   1,224 1.1   376,275 0.8  
  Other Establishment Residents (excluding resident staff) 0 0.0   2,567 2.2   442,191 0.9  
Total households 83   47,408   20,451,427  
Average household size (persons per household) 2.23   2.33   2.36  
Total communal establishments 0   125   43,972  
Density (persons per hectare) 0.2   1.1   3.8  
Age Structure        
Total Population 185   114,613   49,138,831  
  Aged 0 to 4 10 5.4   6,652 5.8   2,926,238 6.0  
  Aged 5 to 9 9 4.9   7,130 6.2   3,122,529 6.4  
  Aged 10 to 15 15 8.2   8,691 7.6   3,852,814 7.8  
  Aged 16 to 19 7 3.8   5,074 4.4   2,408,837 4.9  
  Aged 20 to 24 7 3.8   5,871 5.1   2,952,719 6.0  
  Aged 25 to 29 7 3.8   6,575 5.7   3,268,660 6.7  
  Aged 30 to 44 43 23.4   25,592 22.3   11,127,511 22.6  
  Aged 45 to 59 38 20.7   22,355 19.5   9,279,693 18.9  
  Aged 60 to 64 10 5.4   5,928 5.2   2,391,830 4.9  
  Aged 65 to 74 26 14.1   10,764 9.4   4,102,841 8.3  
  Aged 75 to 84 9 4.9   7,288 6.4   2,751,135 5.6  
  Aged 85 to 89 3 1.6   1,759 1.5   637,701 1.3  
  Aged 90+ 0 0.0   934 0.8   316323 0.6  
Marital Status (people aged 16 or over)        
Total Population aged 16 and over 149   92,140   39,237,250  
  Single, widowed, divorced or separated 59 39.6   40,681 44.2   19,282,756 49.1  
  Married or re-married 90 60.4   51,459 55.8   19,954,494 50.9  
Total population 185   114,613   49,138,831  
  White 183 100.0   113,096 98.7   44,679,361 90.9  
  Non-White 0 0.0   1,517 1.3   4,459,470 9.1  
Country of Birth        
Total population 185   114,613   49,138,831  
  Born in the United Kingdom 172 95.0   106,899 93.3   44,588,008 90.7  
  Born in the rest of EU (as defined 29/04/2001) 0 0.0   3,583 3.1   1,154,707 2.3  
  Born elsewhere 9 5.0   4,131 3.6   3,396,116 6.9  
Total population 185   114,613   49,138,831  
  Christian 151 81.6   89,731 78.3   35,251,244 71.7  
  No religion 26 14.1   15,559 13.6   7,171,332 14.6  
  Religion not stated* 8 4.3   8,220 7.2   3,776,515 7.7  
  Other religion 0 0.0   1,103 1.0   2,939,740 6.0  
*Religion was not a compulsory question in the 2001 Census        
Health and Limiting Long-Term Illness*        
Total population 185   114,613   49,138,831  
  In good health 143 77.3   82,863 72.3   33,787,361 68.8  
  In fairly good health 32 17.3   23,862 20.8   10,915,594 22.2  
  Not in good health 10 5.4   7,888 6.9   4,435,876 9.0  
  With a limiting long-term illness* 22 11.9   18,317 16.0   8,809,194 17.9  
* Limiting long-term illness covers any long-term illness; health problem or disability which limits daily activities or work        
Unpaid Care        
Total Population 185   114,613   49,138,831  
  Persons providing unpaid care 14 7.6   10,781 9.4   4,877,060 9.9  
  1-19 hours unpaid care per week 14 100.0   8,117 75.3   3,347,531 68.6  
  20-49 hours unpaid care per week 0 0.0   880 8.2   530,797 10.9  
  50+ hours unpaid care per week 0 0.0   1,784 16.5   998,732 20.5  
Household Composition        
Total households 83   47,408   20,451,427  
  One person households: pensioner 7 9.9   7,160 15.1   2,939,465 14.4  
  Other pensioner only households 12 16.9   5,520 11.6   1,908,837 9.3  
  Other one person households   20 28.2   6,259 13.2   3,210,799 15.7  
  Married couple households with no children 11 15.5   7,442 15.7   2,656,440 13.0  
  Married couple households with dependant children 17 23.9   9,165 19.3   3,591,335 17.6  
  Co-habiting couple households with no children 4 5.6   2,019 4.3   976,879 4.8  
  Co-habiting couple households with dependant children 0 0.0   1,322 2.8   661,073 3.2  
  Male lone parents with dependant children 0 0.0   252 0.5   125,099 0.6  
  Male lone parents working full time 0 0.0   162 0.3   70,377 0.3  
  Male lone parents working part time 0 0.0   16 0.0   8,746 0.0  
  Female lone parents with dependant children 3 4.2   2,035 4.3   1,186,875 5.8  
  Female lone parents working full time 0 0.0   513 1.1   256,520 1.3  
  Female lone parents working part time 0 0.0   702 1.5   313,426 1.5  
  Households with dependent children 20 28.2   13,524 28.5   6,022,751 29.4  
  Households with child(ren) aged 0 to 4 6 8.5   5,296 11.2   2,326,443 11.4  
  Households with dependant children and no adult in employment 0 0.0   1,222 2.6   6,322,486 30.9  
  Households with at least one person with a limiting long term illness 19 26.8   14,294 30.2   6,862,037 33.6  
Economic Activity* (people aged 16-74 years)        
Total Population aged 16 to 74 137   82,159   35,532,091  
  Economically active* 94 68.6   59,066 71.9   23,756,707 66.9  
  Employee 64 46.7   46,865 57.0   18,695,282 52.6  
  Self-employed 24 17.5   8,968 10.9   2,954,988 8.3  
  Unemployed 6 4.4   1,483 1.8   1,188,855 3.3  
  Students in employment (not counted elsewhere)** 0 0.0   1,750 2.1   917,582 2.6  
  Economically inactive 43 31.4   23,093 28.1   11,775,384 33.1  
  Permanently sick or disabled 0 0.0   2,555 3.1   1,884,901 5.3  
  Looking after home or family 7 5.1   4,959 6.0   2,316,229 6.5  
  Retired 28 20.4   12,041 14.7   4,811,595 13.5  
  Other 8 5.8   1,679 2.0   1,102,095 3.1  
Total students** 7   3,609   2,578,146  
  Persons 16-24 unemployed 0 0.0   376 3.4   305,452 5.7  
  Persons 16-74 with degree 39 28.5   17,565 21.4   7,072,052 19.9  
Total males aged 16 to 74 65   41,004   17,489,977  
  Economically active* 50 76.9   32,890 80.2   12,969,059 74.2  
  Working 46 70.8   32,089 78.3   12,222,083 69.9  
  Unemployed 4 6.2   801 2.0   746,976 4.3  
  Economically inactive 15 23.1   8,114 19.8   4,520,918 25.8  
Total Females aged 16 to 74 73   41,155   18,042,114  
  Economically active* 43 58.9   26,176 63.6   10,787,648 59.8  
  Working 42 57.5   25,494 61.9   10,345,769 57.3  
  Unemployed 1 1.4   682 1.7   441,879 2.4  
  Economically inactive 30 41.1   14,979 36.4   7,254,466 40.2  
* Economically active is defined as all persons working, or looking for work and available to start work within 2 weeks.        
** Student includes full-time students who are economically active        
Hours Worked* (people aged 16-74 in employment)        
Total males aged 16 to 74 in employment 46   32,027   12,155,166  
  Males working fewer than 31 hours a week** 0 0.0   2,800 8.7   1,171,822 9.6  
  Males working 31 or more hours a week 46 100.0   4,412 13.8   1,790,321 14.7  
Total Females aged 16 to 74 in employment 42   25,441   10,286,332  
  Females working fewer than 31 hours a week** 17 40.5   11,492 45.2   4,359,388 42.4  
  Females working 31 or more hours a week 25 59.5   5,235 20.6   2,285,236 22.2  
* Hours worked is the average number of hours worked a week for the four weeks before the Census        
** Working fewer than 31 hours a week is classified as part-time work        
Industry of Employment (people aged 16-74 in employment)        
Total Population aged 16 to 74 in employment 91   57,468   22,441,498  
  Agriculture, hunting, forestry and fishing 9 10.2   1,777 3.1   331,513 1.5  
  Mining and quarrying 0 0.0   61 0.1   55,481 0.2  
  Manufacturing 5 5.7   5,584 9.7   3,328,437 14.8  
  Electricity, gas and water supply 0 0.0   135 0.2   159,619 0.7  
  Construction 3 3.4   3,940 6.9   1,515,996 6.8  
  Retail and wholesale trade 11 12.5   8,710 15.2   3,782,043 16.9  
  Hotels and catering 4 4.5   2,620 4.6   1,061,617 4.7  
  Transport, storage and communications 4 4.5   2,766 4.8   1,590,031 7.1  
  Financial services 4 4.5   2,489 4.3   1,078,082 4.8  
  Real estate, renting and business activities 10 11.4   7,547 13.1   2,964,468 13.2  
  Public administration and defence 17 19.3   8,742 15.2   1,270,755 5.7  
  Education 8 9.1   3,909 6.8   1,736,497 7.7  
  Health and social work 6 6.8   6,306 11.0   2,400,698 10.7  
  Other 7 8.0   2,882 5.0   1,166,261 5.2  
Occupation (people aged 16-74 in employment)        
Total Population aged 16 to 74 in employment 91   57,468   22,441,498  
  Managers and senior officials 26 28.6   8,939 15.6   3,424,899 15.3  
  Professional occupations 18 19.8   6,326 11.0   2,515,679 11.2  
  Associate professional & technical occupations 11 12.1   9,927 17.3   3,104,993 13.8  
  Administrative and secretarial occupations 8 8.8   7,435 12.9   3,004,721 13.4  
  Skilled trade occupations 13 14.3   6,977 12.1   2,591,875 11.5  
  Personal service occupations 3 3.3   3,960 6.9   1,545,367 6.9  
  Sales and customer service occupations 3 3.3   4,044 7.0   1,717,796 7.7  
  Process, plant and machine operatives 4 4.4   3,639 6.3   1,889,126 8.4  
  Elementary occupations 5 5.5   6,221 10.8   2,647,042 11.8  
Means of Travel to Work* (people aged 16-74 in employment)        
Total Population aged 16 to 74 in employment 91   57,468   22,441,498  
  Driving a car or van 59 66.3   32,509 56.6   12,324,166 54.9  
  Passenger in a car or van (incl. by taxi) 5 5.6   3,635 6.3   1,487,188 6.6  
  Train (incl. light rail, tram or underground) 3 3.4   1,017 1.8   1,659,409 7.4  
  Bus or coach 0 0.0   2,401 4.2   1,685,361 7.5  
  Motorcycle, scooter or moped 0 0.0   671 1.2   249,456 1.1  
  Bicycle 0 0.0   2,246 3.9   634,588 2.8  
  On foot 3 3.4   8,220 14.3   2,241,901 10.0  
  Other 0 0.0   349 0.6   104,205 0.5  
  Works mainly at or from home 19 21.3   6,420 11.2   2,055,224 9.2  
* for the longest part of the journey by distance        
Accommodation Type        
Total household spaces* 86   49,216   21,262,825  
  With residents 83 96.5   47,408 96.3   20,451,427 96.2  
  Vacant (no residents) 3 3.5   1,438 2.9   676,196 3.2  
  Second residence or holiday home 0 0.0   370 0.8   135,202 0.6  
  Detached house or bungalow 39 45.3   17,669 35.9   4,786,456 22.5  
  Semi-detached house or bungalow 24 27.9   14,428 29.3   6,713,183 31.6  
  Terraced house or bungalow 14 16.3   10,569 21.5   5,494,033 25.8  
  Flat or bedsit 9 10.5   5,985 12.2   4,180,235 19.7  
  Mobile home or caravan 0 0.0   565 1.1   88,918 0.4  
*A household space is defined as the accommodation available for an individual household. A dwelling can consist of one household space (an unshared dwelling) or two or more household spaces (a shared dwelling).        
Tenure of Household Accommodation        
Total households 83   47,408   20,451,427  
  Owned Outright 21 25.3   14,923 31.5   5,969,670 29.2  
  Owns with mortgage or loan (incl. shared) 22 26.5   16,925 35.7   8,084,452 39.5  
  Rented from Local Authority 5 6.0   5,650 11.9   2,702,482 13.2  
  Rented from housing association 0 0.0   1,902 4.0   1,238,246 6.1  
  Rented from private landlord or agency 25 30.1   4,585 9.7   1,798,864 8.8  
  Rented from employer or living rent free 10 12.0   3,423 7.2   657,713 3.2  
Number of Rooms, Amenities and Lowest Floor Level        
Total households 83   47,408   20,451,427  
  Average number of rooms per household 6.6   5.7   5.3  
  With central heating and sole use of WC and bath/shower 73 89.0   44,439 93.7   18,640,577 91.1  
  With central heating but without sole use of WC and bath/shower 0 0.0   102 0.2   66,706 0.3  
  With sole use of WC and bath/shower but without central heating 9 11.0   2,795 5.9   1,711,405 8.4  
  Without either central heating or sole use of WC and bath/shower 0 0.0   72 0.2   32,739 0.2  
  Lowest floor below street level 0 0.0   564 1.2   562,054 2.7  
  Lowest floor at street level 76 93.8   43,451 91.7   17,494,330 85.5  
  Lowest floor between 1 and 4 storeys above street level 5 6.2   3,390 7.2   2,254,606 11.0  
  Lowest floor 5 storeys or more above street level 0 0.0   3 0.0   140,437 0.7  
Cars Available to Household*        
Total households 83   47,408   20,451,427  
  Households with no car or van 6 7.1   8,261 17.4   5,488,386 26.8  
  Households with one car or van 37 43.5   21,240 44.8   8,935,718 43.7  
  Households with two cars or vans 32 37.6   13,908 29.3   4,818,581 23.6  
  Households with three or more cars or vans 10 11.8   3,999 8.4   1,208,742 5.9  
  Total cars* 126   62,650   22,607,629  
  Number of cars/vans per household 1.48   1.32   1.10  
* Includes any car or van available for private use        
The data for small areas from which this profile is derived have been randomly adjusted to avoid the release of confidential information. Consequently some totals might not add correctly or agree between sections.  For further information see the ONS website at
The information contained in this profile is taken from the 2001 Census Key Statistics data published by the Office for National Statistics.         ©Crown Copyright.
Key Statistics for Wards and other Census material can be accessed via the ONS website at:











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